Clem's Baseball home

Progressive Field *
Home of the
Cleveland Indians (1994-2021) /
Guardians (2022- )

Progressive Field

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lower deck (1994) 1994 2007 hockey (2012) 2015 full view (2007)


Cleveland Stadium


League Park
Key to diagrams

* Known as "Jacobs Field" from 1994 until early 2008.

Vital statistics:
Lifetime Seating capacity Seating rows
Overhang / shade % Territory
(1,000 sq. ft.)
Fence height  CF
orien- tation
Back-stop Outfield dimensions
Built Status Lower deck Middle deck Upper deck Lower deck Upper deck Fair Foul LF CF RF Left
Left-center Center field Right-center Right field
1994 FINE 38,000 # 32 (18) 27 20% 55% ^ 105.4 21.9 19 9 9* N 60 325 (360) 405 375 325

# Original capacity was 42,241; before renovations were completed, capacity was 35,225.
* 14 ft. wall in right field corner only. Height in center and right field was raised 1-2 feet in 2003.
^ = Including bare frame roof extension.
(Parentheses: Estimated actual distance to left-center field.)

ALL-STAR GAMES: 1997, 2019 WORLD SERIES: 1995, 1997, 2016 (0 wins, 3 losses)

BEEN THERE, DONE THAT: I visited in February 1998, drove by in August 1998, and saw a Twins-Indians game on August 7, 2012.

"Faith" is sometimes defined as the triumph of hope over experience, and Progressive Field is a perfect example. After getting burned by Cleveland Municipal Stadium back in 1932, the citizens of Cleveland had every right to be leery of funding another baseball stadium, just as the citizens of Montreal are today. Yet unlike the "Mistake on the Lake" where the Indians called home for half a century, this stadium turned out to be a wise investment, both in terms of the team's performance and in terms of revitalizating downtown Cleveland. Like Oriole Park at Camden Yards, this ballpark is superb in terms of both architectural design and aesthetics. In terms of field layout, it almost a mirror image of Camden Yards, with right and left fields reversed. However, Progressive Field's futuristic stylings, with bare white tubular structural steel that stand in contrast to its Baltimore counterpart. It may be considered as the first "postmodern" baseball stadium. The roof is suspended by a unique series or arches, and the outer eight or so feet remain exposed, as if it was designed to accommodate a temporary tarp to provide additional shading on hot days. Like Ebbets Field, the sides of the structure are determined by the surrounding streets, and except for the center field segment of the wall, all of the sides are either parallel to or perpendicular to the two wings of the main grandstand. The view of the Cleveland skyline behind the left field scoreboard makes this an authentic urban ballpark. One "debit" in the overall account is the fact that 88 percent of the cost to build Jacobs Field was financed with taxpayers' money, midway between the public funding ratios of Camden Yards (96 percent) and the Rangers Ballpark in Arlington (80 percent). Of all the neoclassical" baseball stadiums, it has the lowest capacity in relation to that of its predecessor. It is a cozier, far more comfortable venue for watching a baseball game. Also like most other stadiums of this class, the playing surface is 18 feet below the main concourse, which is about street level.

thumbnail This is a great ballpark from a fan's perspective. Like Camden Yards, there are three main decks plus a skybox level above the mezzanine level. The second deck is one of the largest of any stadiums currently in use, surpassed only by the new Yankee Stadium, and it is cantilevered so that it hangs out over a substantial portion of the lower deck. Thus, it is positioned closer to the diamond than any other mid-to-upper-level deck in a recent stadium. (Fans in the back rows of the lower deck might get a little claustrophobic, however.) The second deck is replaced by two skybox / press box levels in the right field corner, behind home plate, and all along the third base side of the stadium. Perched above the 19-foot left field wall, the bleachers offer a great view of what's happening on the diamond, but anything that happens on or near the warning track in left field is out of sight. At some point after the stadium was originally built, probably in 1997, the bleachers were expanded by adding a trapezoidal-shaped section of seats to each side. Until 2021, the huge scoreboard in back of the bleachers featured a huge "Indians" logo on top, but that has changed to reflect the team's new name: the Guardians. (See below.) The side of the scoreboard is full of billboards, and the nearby world-famous Cleveland Clinic is prominently featured as well. It's all perhaps a bit overdone, but does add unique character to the ballpark. Next to the home team bullpen in center field is a terraced picnic area, adorned with a number of small trees and shrubs. In 2007, that area was converted into "Heritage Park," with monuments to past Indian greats arranged in an open circle formation. There is ample "standing room" in the left field corner and in right center field, where temporary bleachers are installed for postseason games and other high-attendance events. At Gate C (on the north side of the stadium) is a statue to Hall of Fame pitcher Bob Feller. One convenience is the elevated walkways extending from the ends of the upper decks on both sides to the parking garage in back of the bleachers. For the well-heeled fan, there are a series of glass-enclosed multistory skyboxes angled toward home plate, located near the left field foul pole. NOTE: In recent years, the distance marker in center field was changed from "405" to "400," but there has been no change in the position of the walls. Perhaps it was always 405 feet to the deep corner just left of dead center, rather than 410 feet. Further research is necessary.

From a player's perspective, there are also many unique features. In contrast to other Neoclassical stadiums, there is a relatively large area behind home plate, making pop foul balls and wild pitches more exciting. Even though the field dimensions are roughly the same from right field to left field, the sharp corners and odd angles in the outfield walls, and the varying height thereof, combine to make for a significant element of asymmetry. The 19-foot high wall in left field is a challenge to sluggers, and gives occasion for many weird bounces from line drives, as with the Green Monster at Fenway Park. Until the end of 2014, the visitors' bullpen in right field was partly covered by the overhanging second deck. One minor irregularity is the fact that the wall in the right field corner is taller the rest of the wall in right field, about 14 feet compared to 9 feet. (Prior to 2003, it was 12 feet and 8 feet, respectively.) This reflects the fact that the "bend" in the lower deck grandstand in that corner (where the orientation of the seating rows shifts) is closer to home plate than the corresponding bends in the upper decks. Thus, there is virtually no overhang below the second deck on the right side of the bullpen.

Almost from the moment they started playing here, the Indians underwent a miraculous transformation from being perpetual losers -- as depicted in the movie Major League -- to frequent pennant contenders. They made it all the way to the World Series in 1995 (losing to the Braves) and in 1997 (losing to the Marlins); if it were not for that fluke ending to Game 7 in 1997, the Indians would have been world champions for the first time since 1948. The team's success was matched at the box office: From June 12, 1995 until April 2, 2001, there were 455 consecutive sold-out games, a Major League (!) record.

On on January 15, 2012, an outdoor hockey match was held at Progressive Field: In the "Frozen Diamond Faceoff," the University of Michigan Wolverines defeated the Ohio State University Buckeyes by a score of 4-1. A ski ramp was also constructed in left field.

After the 2014 season, construction crews began a massive renovation to Progressive Field. Most notably, all but the front five rows of seats in the upper deck in right field (wrapping around the corner three sections toward first base) were covered by new party decks festooned with historical banners. This was designed to reduce excess capacity, in much the same way that the Rockies did at Coors Field. Second, the old bullpens were replaced with new ones parallel to the center field wall, in the same location as one of the old ones. Third, the front half of the second deck in right field was chopped off, reducing it from 19 rows to just 10, and almost all of it was removed in the two sections on the right side. Fourth, several seating sections in the left and right field corners, as well as the bend beyond right-center field, were replaced with table-top seats or drink rails. Finally, the "bridge" that used to connect the upper deck in right field with the parking garage beyond center field was torn down, making room for future improvements. In October 2016, the Indians surprised many people by winning the American League pennant for the first time since 1997. On November 2, they fell just short of beating the Chicago Cubs in one of the most thrilling World Series Game 7s ever. (If it weren't for that ninth-inning rain delay!)

After years of protests against their team name and especially the grinning mascot "Chief Wahoo," which was considered by many people to be demeaning to Native Americans, in early 2022 it was announced that the Indians would be renamed the "Guardians." This refers to the "Guardians of Traffic" statues on either side of Hope Memorial Bridge, located just west of Progressive Field.

SOURCES: Lowry (2006), Pastier (2007), USA Today / Fodor's (1996), Gameface - Cleveland Indians Magazine (Aug. 1997), Google Maps

Click on the section headings hand point down below to display (OR to hide) the respective menu of photos, and then click on the camera icons (camera) to see the photos, one by one.
Also see panoramic photos, below.

Progressive Field

hand point down Photos # 1 - 9 : 2012

camera #1 Grand view, from upper deck behind home plate. hand pointcamera

camera #2 View from front of upper deck, third base side.

camera #3 The grandstand, from the left field corner.

camera #4 External view of the west side.

camera #5 The west entrance, Gate A.

camera #6 The south entrance, Gate D.

camera #7 The north entrance, Gate C.

camera #8 Bob Feller statue, at Gate C.

camera #9 "Rally Alley," behind the main scoreboard.

camera #10 Main concourse, on southwest / third base side.

camera #11 Scoreboard and bleachers in left field. ~ camera #11A

camera #12 Left field corner, and "Home Run Porch."

camera #13 Upper deck on third base side, with Cleveland skyline.

camera #14 Main concourse, on southeast / first base side.

camera #15 Post-game night view from right field foul pole.

camera #16 Post-game night view from upper deck first base side.

(Above photos taken on August 7, 2012.)

hand point down Photos # 17 - 20 : 1998

hand point down Photos # 21 - 24 : 2008

(Back up to regular photoshand point up )

Panoramic photos

Panoramic view from left field

camera #P-1 Panoramic view from left field corner. (Aug. 7, 2012)

camera #P-2 Panoramic external view from Interstate 90. (Aug. 7, 2012)

Cleveland stadiums
The Clem Criteria:
Location * Aesthetics Overall
6 8 6 7 8 7.0

Cleveland rocks!

While visiting Drew Carey's stomping grounds, be sure to see the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, the Cleveland Flats riverfront boardwalk, the Cuyahoga National Scenic Area, and the tomb of James Garfield -- after you've paid your respects at the nicely-restored neighborhood ball field where League Park once stood, of course.

Progressive Field:
Chronology of diagram updates


NOTE: The diagram thumbnails have been continually replaced since 2008, so the images seen in the older blog posts do not reflect how the full-size diagrams looked at that time. Roll your mouse over the adjacent thumbnail to see a pre-2008 version.
(Also see Diagram update log.)

Progressive Field
25 Jun 2003 13 May 2006 01 Aug 2007 03 May 2010 24 Aug 2012 28 Jul 2016

Vox populi: Fans' impressions

Have you been to this stadium? If so, feel free to share your impressions of it with other fans! (Registration is required.) Also, I welcome submissions of original stadium photos that fans have taken, and will make sure they get properly credited. Just contact me via e-mail for any photo submissions, queries, or corrections to the content of this page.

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