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Annual arrival dates



Migratory birds:
Spring/Summer/Fall

NOTE: The tables below, which remain incomplete, show the first arrival dates for migratory bird species typically seen in Virginia. They exclude sightings of uncommon birds and apparent "vagrants." Most migratory birds are considered uncommon, except as noted. See color key at end of table.

Shorebirds, Raptors, etc. 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Green Heron camera Sep 7 May 16 Apr 25 . . . May 30 May 26 May 12 May 4 Jun 13 Apr 25 Apr 25 Apr 7 . . . . .
Great Egret camera . . . . . Mar 30 . Jul 22 . Oct 1 May 13 Aug 15 . . . . . . .
Snowy Egret . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spotted Sandpiper camera May 18 . Apr 18 May 6 . Apr 30 . May 15 Apr 27 May 7 May 6 . . May 22 . . . . .
Solitary Sandpiper camera - - Apr 27 Apr 30 . . . May 2 Apr 27 . May 20 . Apr 24 . . . . . .
Greater Yellowlegs camera . . . Apr 30 . . . . Apr 27 . Apr 4 . . . . . . . .
Lesser Yellowlegs . . . May 6 . . Sep 3 . . . . . . . . . . . .
Western Sandpiper camera - - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Semipalmated Sandpiper - - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Least Sandpiper camera - - . . . . . . . . May 6 . . . . . . . .
Wilson's Snipe camera - - . . . . . . . . . Feb 23 Mar 24 . . . Jan. 6 . .
Broad-winged Hawk camera - Sep 20 Sep 24 Apr 10 . . Apr 24 Aug 12 Apr 9 Apr 13 . Apr 24 Apr 28 Apr 20 . . . . .
Osprey camera . . . Apr 15 . . Apr 24 Aug 12 May 1 Jul 12 Aug 6 May 30 Apr 21 . . . . . .
Common Nighthawk . May 16 May 9 Aug 19 May 18 . Jun 22 May 15 Apr 30 Jul 7 Aug 27 . . . . . . . .
Swallows, Flycatchers, Vireos, etc. 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Tree Swallow camera Apr 13 . . . Apr 15 . Apr 1 Mar 20 Mar 18 Mar 26 Mar 25 Mar 5 Mar 12 Mar 30 Mar 21 Mar 16 Mar 11 .
Barn Swallow camera ?? May 3 Apr 10 Apr 5 Apr 13 Apr 5 Apr 11 May 5 Apr 27 Apr 25 Apr 4 Apr 11 Apr 5 Apr 3 . . . . .
N. Rough-winged Swallow camera - - May 4 Apr 23 . . Apr 11 Apr 10 Apr 2 Mar 26 Mar 30 Apr 10 Mar 24 Apr 4 . . Apr 11 . .
Cliff Swallow camera . May 24 . . . . . . . Jul 12 May 5 . Apr 23 . . . . . .
Purple Martin camera . . . Jul 1 . May 11 . . . May 7 May 20 . . . . . . . .
Chimney Swift Apr 19 Apr 9 Apr 6 Apr 9 Apr 9 Apr 17 Apr 29 Apr 17 Apr 18 Apr 15 Apr 14 Apr 18 Apr 19 Apr 15 . Apr 5 Apr 9 . .
Ruby-throated Hummingbird camera Jul 27 May 6 Jun 6 May 5 Apr 21 Apr 26 Apr 23 Apr 25 May 4 Apr 22 May 2 May 9 Apr 29 May 15 . . . . .
Eastern Phoebe camera Sep 15 May 29 Jan 1 X ? Apr 27 . Apr 14 Mar 19 Feb 6 Apr 1 Mar 13 Jan 9 Jan 20 Jan 9 . . Mar 16 . .
Great crested Flycatcher camera May 7 May 16 May 10 May 10 May 1 May 4   Apr 24 May 5 Apr 22 Apr 30 Apr 29 May 2 Apr 24 . . . . .
Acadian Flycatcher camera - Jul 19 May 8 May 7     Jun 29 May 15 May 29 May 20 May 26 Sep 13 May 10 May 22 . . . . .
Eastern Kingbird camera . Jul 18 . . Apr 22 May 13 . May 15 May 23 May 7 Apr 24 May 3 Apr 25 May 15 . . . . .
Eastern Wood Pewee camera May 28 May 18 May 8 May 7 Jun 9 May 4 . May 15 May 14 May 27 May 13 May 24 May 10 May 8 . . May 9? . .
Willow Flycatcher camera - - - Jun 18 . Jun 1 . May 19 May 23 May 23 May 21 Jun 21 Jun 17 May 29 . . May 20 . .
Least Flycatcher camera - - - - Jun 10 May 20 . . Sep 13 May 5 . Aug 12 . . . . . . .
Red-eyed Vireo camera May 17 May 6 May 8 May 3 May 5 Apr 26 Jun 14 Apr 24 May 7 May 4 May 5 Apr 26 Apr 28 May 8 . . May 5 . .
White-eyed Vireo camera - Jul 17 May 8 May 5 Apr 22 . Jun 5 Jun 3 May 1 . Aug 7 May 12 . Apr 20 . . May 1 . .
Blue-headed Vireo camera Apr 26 Apr 29 May 29 Mar 30 May 5 Oct 12 May 8 Apr 24 Apr 14 Apr 2 Mar 31 Apr 24 Mar 31 Apr 10 . . May 1? . .
Yellow-throated Vireo Jul 6 . . Jul 9 . May 4 . May 15 May 14 . Jun 16 . May 9 . . . . . .
Warbling Vireo camera - - - Aug 16 Apr 22 . . May 15 . . . . May 13 . . . May 22 . .
Warblers 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Pine Warbler camera Apr 6 Feb 22 Mar 20 Mar 4 May 26 Mar 30 . May 5 Jun 10 Mar 19 Mar 31 Apr 29 Mar 19 Apr 6 . Mar 15 . .
Tennessee Warbler camera Apr 27 . Sep 10 Sep 16 Sep 9 Oct 4 Sep 5 . Oct 2 * Sep 23 . Sep 5 . . . . . . .
Orange-crowned Warbler - - - - - - Mar 2 . . Sep 9 . . . . . . . . .
Cerulean Warbler camera May 3 Apr 22 May 29 . . May 4 Apr 27 . May 22 May 29 May 13 May 12 May 1 Apr 27 . . May 9 . .
Worm-eating Warbler camera - May 13 Jul 27 . Aug 18 May 10 Jun 22 Apr 24 May 12 Apr 29 Apr 24 Apr 20 Apr 27 May 22 . . . . .
Hooded Warbler camera Jul 5 Jun 14 . Apr 29 . May 4 Jun 14 Apr 24 Jun 5 Aug 16 Apr 29 . Apr 28 May 22 . . Apr 25 . .
Wilson's Warbler Sep 5 Oct 9 . . May 14 . Feb 28 Oct 10 May 10 May 7 . May 14 . . . . . . .
Prothonotary Warbler - - - Apr 15 . . . . . . . May 31 . . . . . . .
Kentucky Warbler camera - - Jul 14 . Jul 1*     Sep 29   . . . . . . . . . .
Nashville Warbler camera Sep 13 Aug 17 . . . . Feb 28 . May 8 . May 9 . May 2 . . . . . .
Mourning Warbler . . . . . . . . . . . Jun 7 Jun 7 May 15 . . . . .
American Redstart camera May 9 May 6 May 13 May 2 May 24 Apr 26 Apr 29 May 19 May 1 May 13 May 10 May 3 Apr 28 Apr 27 . . Apr 18 . .
Black & white Warbler camera May 9 Jul 18 . Jun 18 Apr 21 Apr 27 Apr 29 May 30 May 16 Apr 29 Apr 21 Apr 24 Apr 23 May 30 . . . . .
Northern Parula camera May 11 May 10 Jul 20 Apr 15* . May 10 May 8 May 15 Apr 14 Apr 29 Apr 24 Apr 27 Apr 23 May 23 . . . . .
Louisiana Waterthrush camera - Sep 28 . Apr 30 Apr 15 Mar 30 Apr 16 Aug 4 Jun 12 May 20 Mar 31 Apr 23 Mar 24 Apr 10 . . . . .
Northern Waterthrush - - May 8       May 17   May 2 . . . May 6 . . . . . .
Ovenbird camera . . May 29 May 3 Jun 3 May 7   Apr 24 May 22 . May 5 . Apr 28 May 15 . . Apr 23 . .
Common yellowthroat camera Apr 27 Jul 26 Apr 28 May 2 May 13 May 1 Jun 22 May 14 May 10 May 1 Sep 3 Apr 26 May 2 . . . May 8 . .
Blackburnian Warbler camera May 9 Sep 12 Oct 8 May 23     Jun 22 May 15 May 29 Apr 29 Apr 24 May 24 May 2 May 23 . . . . .
Yellow Warbler camera May 7 . May 5 May 2 May 15 May 16   May 19 May 2 Apr 27 Apr 24 Apr 28 Apr 22 May 19 . . . . .
Magnolia Warbler camera May 9 Sep 20 Sep 5 Sep 5 May 14 May 7 May 20 Aug 23 May 14 Sep 3 Sep 1 May 17 May 2 May 15 . . May 11 . .
Chestnut-sided Warbler camera May 4 Jun 14 May 29 May 6 Aug 26 May 10 Jul 5 Jul 13 May 14 May 4 May 12 May 3 May 20 May 30 . . May 11 . .
Bay-breasted Warbler camera - - - - Sep 9 . . . May 14 May 13 . . . . . . May 11 . .
Canada Warbler camera May 18 . May 15 May 2 . Sep 6 May 20 Jul 13 Jun 5 Sep 3 May 16 Jun 7 May 18 . . . . . .
Cape May Warbler camera - - - Oct 3 . Oct 7 . . Sep 25 Sep 10 . Apr 28 . . . . . . .
Black-throated green Warbler camera Oct 1 Sep 25 Sep 12 May 3 Sep 15 Oct 12 May 8 May 8 May 29 Apr 29 Apr 29 Apr 26 Apr 21 Apr 10 . . May 1 . .
Black-throated blue Warbler camera - May 10 Sep 22 May 7 Sep 9 Apr 27 . Jul 13 . May 4 May 12 Jun 7 May 2 . . . Apr 23 . .
Prairie Warbler camera Jul 31 Apr 30 May 18 Apr 30 . . . . . Apr 27 . May 12 Apr 22 Apr 20 . . Apr 18 . .
Yellow-throated Warbler - - - - - - May 4 . Sep 27 . . . . Apr 10 . . . . .
Palm Warbler camera - Sep 13 . Apr 1 . Apr 27 . May 19 May 2 . Apr 22 . May 2 Apr 4 . . Apr 18 . .
Blackpoll Warbler camera May 17 May 9 May 9 May 12 May 16 May 9 May 8 May 8 May 16 May 15 May 13 May 14 May 17 May 15 . . . . .
Yellow-breasted Chat camera . Jul 11 . Jul 9 Sep 12 May 4 . . . . . May 12 May 6 . . . . . .
Sparrows, other songbirds 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Scarlet Tanager camera May 11 X ? May 5 Apr 30 May 19 May 4 Apr 29 May 15 May 12 May 29 Apr 29 May 3 Apr 28 Apr 20 . . Apr 29 . .
Baltimore Oriole camera Jul 12 May 3 May 22 May 5 May 6 May 5 May 8 May 21 * Apr 27 May 7 Apr 24 Apr 29 May 2 May 14 . . . . .
Orchard Oriole camera - May 17 May 5 May 6 May 13 May 11 . Jun 7 Jun 18 May 7 May 21 Jun 7 Apr 30 May 4 . . May 11 . Apr 21
Indigo Bunting camera May 8 Apr 30 May 5 May 6 May 10 Apr 23 Apr 29 May 1 May 5 Apr 22 Apr 24 May 3 Apr 26 Apr 27 . . May 12 . .
Field Sparrow camera . . . . . Mar 30 Mar 25 Feb 8 Apr 6 Mar 12 Mar 25 Jan 31 May 2 . Mar 18 . . . .
Chipping Sparrow camera Apr 30 Apr 16 Apr 8 Mar 4 Jun 3 Mar 30 Mar 28 Mar 26 Apr 9 Apr 1 Mar 26 Apr 8 Apr 6 Jan 2 . . . . .
Savannah Sparrow camera - - - - Apr 15 Mar 30 . Sep 29 Apr 9 May 7 . . . . . . . . .
Grasshopper Sparrow camera - - - - - Jun 1 May 17 Jun 29 . Jul 11 . May 16 Apr 25 . . . . . .
House Wren camera X ? Apr 27 May 5 Jun 20 X ? May 9 Jul 14 May 29 Jun 5 Apr 16 Apr 30 Apr 25 May 6 . . . . . .
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher camera May 24 Apr 25 Apr 25 Apr 15 Apr 22 Apr 26 Apr 11 Apr 24 Apr 9 Apr 22 Apr 21 Apr 17 Apr 13 Apr 4 . . Apr 9 . .
Brown Thrasher camera Apr 10 Apr 22 Apr 20 Apr 8 Apr 15 Apr 9 Apr 11 Apr 18 Apr 11 Mar 27 Apr 19 Apr 19 Apr 25 Apr 5 . Mar 30 Mar 16 . .
Gray Catbird camera Apr 22 Apr 21 Apr 24 Apr 21 Apr 27 Apr 26 Apr 29 Apr 26 May 2 Jan 8 Apr 29 Apr 17 Apr 26 Apr 29 . . Apr 21 . .
Yellow-billed Cuckoo camera Jul 13 Jul 26 May 8 May 7 Jun 6 May 9 Jun 8 Jun 22 May 14 Aug 20 May 26 May 24 May 2 . . . . . .
Rose-breasted Grosbeak camera May 16 Sep 24 . May 3 May 19 May 4 . May 30 May 12 Jul 9 Apr 30 May 3 May 1 . . . . . .
Blue Grosbeak camera . . . . . . . . . . Aug 7 . . . . . Jul 6 . .
Common Grackle ** camera . . . . . . Mar 12 Feb 15 Mar 18 Mar 7 . . Mar 2 . . . Mar 15 Mar 1 .
Brown-headed Cowbird ** camera . . . Mar 4 . . Feb 15 Feb 21 Mar 12 Apr 20 . Mar 23 Mar 30 . . . . Mar 3 .
Red-wing Blackbird ** camera . . . . . . Apr 1 Mar 28 Mar 12 Mar 7 . . Mar 23 . . . Mar 15 Mar 2 .
Wood Thrush camera Jun 29 May 3 May 8 May 3 May 12 May 4 Apr 29 Jun 25 May 22 . Apr 30 Apr 23 May 2 May 15 . . Apr 30 . .
Swainson's Thrush camera - - - - - May 7 . . Sep 25 Oct 5 . Sep 20 May 10 May 22 . . May 2 . .
Veery camera . . May 9 May 7 . . . . Jun 5 . Jun 16 . . . . . May 2 . .
KEY
. Transient: Seen in Spring and Fall, but breeds in the highlands or North during the summer; winters in Tropics.
. Out-of-season sightings, etc. (links to blog posts, where available)
** Formerly classified as Year-round resident.
(italics) First positive identification was by sound only.
(PARENTHESES): Denotes sighting outside of Virginia or U.S.A.

Migratory birds: Winter

NOTE: For wintering migratory birds, the first arrival dates as given below are for the earlier year if the month is Sep-Dec, and for the latter year if the month is Jan-Apr

Ducks, Raptors, etc. 1997- 98 1998- 99 1999- 2000 2000- 01 2001- 02 2002- 03 2003- 04 2004- 05 2005- 06 2006- 07 2007- 08 2008- 09 2009- 10 2010- 11 2011- 12 2012- 13 2013- 14 2014- 15
Green-winged teal camera - - - - - Jan 11 Feb 1 Dec 8 . Apr 1 Jan 9 Feb 10 Oct 16 . . . . .
Blue-winged Teal camera - Aug 17 . . . . . . . Apr 8 . Mar 30 . . . . . .
Ruddy Duck camera - - - - - Oct 27 Dec 16 Oct 30 Oct 23 Oct 3 Oct 27 Nov 24 Nov 14 . . . . .
Ring-necked Duck camera - - - - - - Oct 25 Jan 28 Nov 5 Feb 27 Oct 27 Nov 24 . . . . . .
Lesser Scaup camera - - - - - - - - - Feb 24 . `Oct 27 . . . Mar 30 . .
Greater Scaup camera - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . .
Redhead camera - - - - - Jan 25 . Feb 5 Dec 8 Mar 24 . Dec 3 . . . . . .
Northern Shoveler camera - - - - - - Sep 3 . Dec 8 Mar 24 Feb 9 Jan 19 . . . . . .
Bufflehead camera . . . . . . . . Mar 26 Feb 3 . . Nov 14 . . . . .
Hooded Merganser camera - - - Jan 14 . Nov 23 Feb 29 Dec 3 . Mar 24 Feb 9 `Oct 27 Nov 14 . . . . .
Gadwall camera - - - Jan 14 . Dec 28 . Jan 12 Dec 8 Nov 12 Feb 9 `Oct 27 Nov 14 . . . . .
Northern Pintail camera - - - Feb 9 . . . . . Feb 3 . . . . . . . .
Pied-billed Grebe camera Nov 16 Oct 24 Oct 30 . Mar 30 . . . Nov 6 Oct 3 Oct 20 Apr 22 . Oct 22 . . . .
Horned Grebe camera - - - - Apr 7 . . . . Apr 1 . . . . . . . .
American Coot camera - - - Jan 17* Nov 10 . Nov 2 Oct 30 Nov 6 Oct 29 . `Oct 27 Feb 27 Oct 16 . . . .
Herring Gull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ring-billed Gull camera . . . . . . . . . . . . Feb 18 . . . . .
Laughing Gull . . . . . . . . . . Aug 7 . . . . . . .
Bald Eagle camera - - Jan 17* . *Feb 17 . Aug 12 May 22 Jul 13 . . Jun 7 . . . . . .
Northern Harrier camera - - Aug 31 . . Jan 26 Oct 12 Sep 29 Nov 30 . Nov 1 . . Oct 9 . . . .
Short-eared Owl camera - - - - - Jan 20 . Feb 8 Jan 8 . . . . . . . . .
Sparrows, Finches, other songbirds 1997- 98 1998- 99 1999- 2000 2000- 01 2001- 02 2002- 03 2003- 04 2004- 05 2005- 06 2006- 07 2007- 08 2008- 09 2009- 10 2010- 11 2011- 12 2012- 13 2013- 14 2014- 15
Yellow-rumped Warbler camera Nov 27 Oct 28 Oct 13 Oct 8 Oct 15 Oct 6 Oct 12 Oct 10 Oct 12 Oct 14 Oct 1 `Oct 8 Oct 21 . . . . .
White-throated Sparrow camera Oct 19 Oct 12 Oct 13 Oct 13 Oct 19 Oct 12 Oct 19 Oct 24 Sep 29 Oct 9 Oct 7 Sep 30 Oct 18 Oct 13 . . . .
White-crowned Sparrow camera - Nov 27 . Oct 22 Oct 15 Oct 25 Oct 25 Oct 25 Oct 23 Oct 14 . Feb 2 Oct 21 Oct 19 . . . .
Swamp Sparrow camera . . May 2 . . Oct 24 Oct 19 Oct 23 Oct 20 Oct 14 . Oct 18 . . . . . .
Fox Sparrow Dec 7 . . . . Oct 27 Nov 27 Nov 20 Nov 27 Feb 12 Nov 4 . Nov 14 . . . . .
Dark-eyed Junco camera Nov 9 Oct 19 Oct 16 , Oct 19 Oct 20 Oct 21 Oct 26 Oct 30 Oct 17 Oct 26 Oct 14 Oct 10 Oct 27 Oct 16 . . . .
Purple Finch camera Jan 4 . Feb 24 . Oct 20 . Oct 19 Nov 8 Oct 29 . Oct 6 Dec 9 . . . . . .
Pine Siskin camera - - Oct 27 . Apr 23 . . Nov 10 Apr 12 . Nov 15 `Oct 18 . . . . . .
Hermit Thrush camera . Nov 12 Oct 31 Oct 22 Nov 4 Oct 19 Nov 17 Nov 11 Oct 31 Oct 30 . . Nov 14 Oct 16 . . . .
Winter Wren camera Dec 20 . . Oct 22 Nov 4 . Nov 9 Oct 10 Nov 27 . . Feb 19 . Oct 16 . . . .
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker camera Oct 7 Nov 12 Sep 26 Oct 24 . Oct 4 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 4 Oct 4 Oct 6 Feb 10 Oct 12 . . Sep 19 . .
Brown Creeper camera Jan 13 Nov 12 Oct 8 . Nov 4 Oct 12 . Nov 21 Nov 5 Mar 31 Oct 11 . . . . . . .
Red-breasted Nuthatch camera Dec 20 . Oct 31 . Oct 20 . . Nov 21 . . Oct 1 * May 2 . Oct 16 . . . .
Ruby-crowned Kinglet camera Nov 3 Sep 30 Oct 8 * Oct 18 Sep 30 Oct 4 Oct 12 Oct 10 Sep 29 Sep 25 Oct 6 Feb 11 Oct 28 . . . . .
Golden-crowned Kinglet camera Oct 19 Oct 10 Oct 30 Oct 19 Oct 19 Oct 12 Oct 19 Oct 30 Nov 5 Nov 10 Oct 30 . Nov 14 . . . . .
Horned Lark camera - - - Oct 3* . Jan 26 . . Jan 8 . Jan 9 Jan 5 Jan 2 . . . . .

NOTE: ` = First-of-season sightings away from home (S.D., etc.). * = Other unusual sightings out of season.